Déclaration d'indépendance du Cyberespace
de J. P. Barlow

(Extrait)

Nous sommes en train de créer un monde où chacun,
où qu'il soit, peut exprimer ce qu'il croit,
quel que soit le degré de singularité de ses croyances,
sans devoir craindre d'être forcé de se taire ou de se conformer.
...
Vos industries de l'information, de plus en plus obsolètes,
cherchent à se perpétuer en proposant des lois, en Amérique et ailleurs,
qui ont la prétention de confisquer à leur profit
jusqu'à la parole même à travers le monde.
Ces lois cherchent à transformer les idées en un produit industriel
comme les autres, au même titre que les lingots de fonte.
Dans notre monde, tout ce que l'esprit humain peut créer
peut être reproduit et distribué à l'infini sans que cela ne coûte rien.
Le transmission globale de la pensée n'a plus besoin de vos usines pour se faire.

(Extrait de la traduction donnée par Diogène dans Cybersphere 9, Mars 1996).
Vous touverez le texte complet (en anglais) sur la page personnelle de J.P. Barlow ainsi qu'une étude très intéressante sur l' économie de l'information et les copyrights intitulé: Selling Wine Without Bottles: The Economy of Mind on the Global Net dont je reproduis l'exergue:

If nature has made any one thing less susceptible than all others of exclusive property, it is the action of the thinking power called an idea, which an individual may exclusively possess as long as he keeps it to himself;
but the moment it is divulged, it forces itself into the possession of everyone, and the receiver cannot dispossess himself of it.
Its peculiar character, too, is that no one possesses the less, because every other possesses the whole of it. He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light without darkening me.
That ideas should freely spread from one to another over the globe, for the moral and mutual instruction of man, and improvement of his condition, seems to have been peculiarly and benevolently designed by nature, when she made them, like fire, expansible over all space, without lessening their density at any point, and like the air in which we breathe, move, and have our physical being, incapable of confinement or exclusive appropriation.
Inventions then cannot, in nature, be a subject of property.
Thomas Jefferson

et un court fragment:

Furthermore, the increasing difficulty of enforcing existing copyright and
patent laws is already placing in peril the ultimate source of intellectual
property, the free exchange of ideas.

That is, when the primary articles of commerce in a society look so much
like speech as to be indistinguishable from it, and when the traditional
methods of protecting their ownership have become ineffectual, attempting
to fix the problem with broader and more vigorous enforcement will
inevitably threaten freedom of speech.

The greatest constraint on your future liberties may come not from
government but from corporate legal departments laboring to protect by
force what can no longer be protected by practical efficiency or general
social consent.

Furthermore, when Jefferson and his fellow creatures of The Enlightenment
designed the system which became American copyright law, their primary
objective was assuring the widespread distribution of thought, not profit.

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